You are a lucky one if born in September. Birthstone of your month is a precious gemstone of wisdom, loyalty and nobility – sapphire. September birthstone is said to focus on the mind and encourage self-discipline.
When we say “sapphire”, we usually refer to the royal blue variety of this gemstone, though it can occur in full spectrum of rainbow colours except red. Red gems are classified as rubies instead. It worth mentioning, that sapphires in any other colour but blue are called “fancies”.
Like diamonds, sapphires are assessed by the 4Cs, in addition to country of origin. Colour is the key indicator of sapphire price and the highest valued sapphires are vivid blue.
The name of this gemstone comes from the Latin “sapphirus” and the Greek “sappheiros” meaning “blue stone”. Some believe the name originated from the Sanskrit “sanipriya” which meant “dear to Saturn”.
Sapphires are mined in India, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, China, Australia, Brazil, Africa and North America. Today Madagascar leads the world in sapphire production. The origin of sapphires may greatly affect their value, size, colour and clarity.
Due to their remarkable hardness which is graded 9 on the Mohs scale, sapphires are not just valuable in jewellery, but also in industrial applications.
September birthstone, sapphire, has always been popular and sought-after since the Middle Ages. People believed that the blue colour of this gemstone symbolized heaven and attracted divine favour.
In Greece people wore sapphires for guidance when seeking answers from the oracles. Hindus used it during worship. Buddhists believed it brought spiritual enlightenment.
In late 19th and 20th centuries, classical violet-blue sapphires came from the Kashmir region of India. It’s remarkable that the world record price-per-carat for sapphire was set by a gem from Kashmire. That outstanding gemstone was sold at auction for $242,000 per carat, $6.74 million total.
Famous star sapphires like Star of Adam, 1404.49 carat, Star of India, 563.4 carat, and Star of Bombay, 182 carat, came from Sri Lankan mines.
In 1981 this gemstone became the symbol of royal love when Britain’s Prince Charles gave Lady Diana a 12 carat blue sapphire engagement ring. Later Prince William gave this ring to Kate Middleton when he proposed in 2010.
Sapphires make perfect gifts for anyone born in September or celebration 5th or 45th wedding anniversary. Whatever the reason for buying sapphire, you can never go wrong with this noble gemstone.